The UK is very committed to national and international efforts to combat climate change. The UK is a full-fledged part of international climate change agreements, including the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, through the EU. While Britain has acceded to the Paris Global Agreement on Combating Climate Change and is pursuing its own ambitious emissions reduction targets, London has refused to make binding commitments in the region in the new agreement it wants to conclude with the EU from 2021. The Paris Agreement aims to keep global temperatures below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It is based on the idea that states decide on their own nationally defined contributions (NDCs) and essentially define the amount of carbon they themselves will trim to achieve the overall goal – so the agreement is not based on commitment, but on discretion. If no liaison agreement is reached, the UK Emissions Trading Scheme will operate as a stand-alone system or a CO2 tax will be introduced as another way to ensure that a carbon price is maintained in all scenarios. A consultation on the CO2 tax will continue until 29 September 2020. Both sides can denounce the free trade agreement if the other sides abandon its limit on global temperatures to 1.5 degrees, promised in 2015, under the conditions of the possible breakthrough. Negotiators are also close to sealing a “guillotine clause” agreement that would prevent British access to EU criminal databases and a new extradition treaty if the UK leaves the European Convention on Human Rights. There is disagreement as to whether the Paris commitment should be enshrined in the “provisions” of the agreement, in the recent position of the United Kingdom or in the “essential elements” of the agreement, where it would be accompanied by rules prohibiting crimes against humanity. The UK government and devolved administrations are firmly committed to achieving carbon prices as an effective instrument to achieve our targets for reducing CO2 emissions to net zero. Any future system will be at least as ambitious as the existing system. An exit from the EU has no influence on our legal obligations under the UK Climate Change Act, which is national law.
The UK will remain a party to international agreements on climate change, including the Paris Agreement. Their commitment to them will remain stronger than ever and will not be affected by leaving the EU. “If Britain and the EU have agreed to put compliance with the Paris climate agreement at the heart of their trade agreement, that is good news,” said John Sauven, executive director of Greenpeace UK. In light of the recent agreement between the EU and Switzerland, the volume of emissions, which must be notified by 2020, has increased. Operators should ensure that all emissions on flights between the UK, the EEA and Switzerland are included in their 2020 emissions report and that the allowances to cover this increased scope are issued by 30 April 2021. EU diplomatic sources said this morning that it was unlikely that a free trade agreement would be ready for boris Johnson`s 15 October EU summit. British sources say that by that date they will only have to see “the form of the agreement.” In March, Britain called for a climate agreement, separate from the free trade agreement, which would reaffirm its support for Paris. The UK is preparing to make its first solo promise on the cut-off of the Paris climate agreement in a tight political manoeuvre ahead of an ambitious summit on 12 December.
The EU, and in particular France, insists that Paris be respected in its new trade agreements, and commitments in this regard are part of the bloc`s agreements with Canada and Japan. The clause is seen as necessary to support the Paris agreement after Donald Trump pulled the United States out of the agreement. This publication is available on www.gov.uk/government/publications/meeting-climate-change-requirements-if-theres-no-brexit-deal/meeting