Sykes Picot Agreement Purpose

It is agreed that the French Government shall not at any time enter into negotiations on the transfer of its rights and that it shall not assign such rights in the Blue Domain to third States, with the exception of the Arab State or the Confederation of Arab States, without the prior consent of His Majesty`s Government, which, in turn, will give the French government a similar commitment with regard to red. George Curzon stated that the great powers were still attached to the agreement of the Organic Regulations on Governance and Non-Interference in the Affairs of the Maronite, Orthodox Christian, Druze and Muslim communities with regard to Beirut Vilayet of June 1861 and September 1864, and added that the rights granted to France in modern Syria and parts of present-day Turkey under Sykes-Picot, are incompatible with this agreement. [78] The agreement was originally used directly as the basis for the Anglo-French Vivendi mode of 1918, which provided a framework for the management of occupied enemy territories in the Levant. More broadly, it should indirectly lead to the subsequent division of the Ottoman Empire after the Ottoman defeat of 1918. Shortly after the war, the French ceded Palestine and Mosul to the British. Mandates in the Levant and Mesopotamia were awarded at the San Remo Conference in April 1920, according to the Sykes-Picot framework; the British Mandate for Palestine lasted until 1948, the British Mandate for Mesopotamia was to be replaced by a similar treaty with Iraq, and the French Mandate for Syria and Lebanon lasted until 1946. The Anatolian parts of the agreement were assigned by the Treaty of Sèvres of August 1920; But these ambitions were thwarted by Turkey`s war of independence in 1919/23 and the treaty of Lausanne that followed. US President Woodrow Wilson had rejected all secret agreements between the Allies and encouraged public diplomacy and ideas of self-determination. On November 22, 1917, Leon Trotsky addressed a note to the petrograd ambassadors “which contained proposals for ceasefire and democratic peace without annexation and compensation, on the basis of the principle of the independence of nations and their right to determine for themselves the nature of their own development.” [68] Peace negotiations with the Quadrilateral Alliance – Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey – began a month later in Brest-Litovsk.

On behalf of the Quadrilateral Alliance, Count Czernin replied on 25 December that “the question of the nationality of national groups that do not have independence from the State” should be resolved by “each State and its peoples constitutionally independently” and that “the right of minorities is an essential element of the constitutional right of peoples to self-determination”. [69] On April 21, Faisal set out east. Before leaving, Clemenceau sent a draft letter on April 17 in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments, in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population,” stating that Faisal had recognized “that France is the power qualified to give the help of various advisers to Syria, which are necessary to put in order and achieve the progress demanded by the population. on April 1, Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements to me during my visit to Paris and that he had to thank you for being the first to propose the sending of the Interallied Commission which should soon leave for the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country. . . .