One of the motivations for these standards is the fear that unconditional trade could lead to a “race to the bottom” in terms of labour and environmental standards, given that multinationals are singing the globe in search of low wages and lax environmental rules in order to reduce costs. Yet there is no empirical evidence of such a breed. In fact, trade usually involves the transfer of technology to developing countries, which makes it possible to increase wage rates, as the Korean economy – among many others – has shown since the 1960s. In addition, increased revenues are allowing cleaner production technologies to become affordable. For example, replacing scooters produced in India with scooters imported from Japan to India would improve air quality in India. In total, the United States currently has 14 trade agreements with 20 different countries. After its failure, China gained ground in the global economy by adopting profitable bilateral agreements with countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. There are 14 free trade agreements with 20 countries: Australia, Bahrain, Chile, Colombia, Israel, Jordan, Korea, Morocco, Oman, Panama, Peru, Singapore; DR-CAFTA (Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua); and NAFTA (Canada and Mexico). A certain prognosis is that international trade agreements will continue to be controversial. The world has received almost more free trade from the next round, known as the Doha Round agreement. If successful, Doha would have reduced tariffs for all WTO members if one country imposed trade restrictions and no other country responded.
A country can also unilaterally ease trade restrictions, but this rarely happens. This would put the country at a competitive disadvantage. As a common market, the EU also coordinates and harmonises the fiscal, industrial and agricultural policies of each country. In addition, many EU members have created a single currency area by replacing their national currencies with the euro. The world`s major countries launched GATT in response to the waves of protectionism that crippled world trade during the Great Depression of the 1930s and helped expand it. In successive rounds of negotiations, GATT has significantly reduced tariff barriers for industrial products in industrialized countries. .